What is ‘minimum wage’?
A minimum wage is the lowest remuneration that employers should legally pay their employees. It seems like the concept is simple, but there are two conflict opinions economically. The supporters of the minimum wage say that it can increase the standard of living of workers and reduce poverty, since the employees earn more money. In contrast, the opponents are saying that it may increase poverty and unemployment rate, because the employers could hesitate to hire more employees worrying about increasing labor cost.
In spite of the conflict, the minimum wage has increased globally. Today we’ll check up the US minimum wage, which will be interesting.
The U.S. Minimum Salary by States
In US, the minimum wage is set by US labor law and a range of state and local laws. Therefore, In the US, each state can set their own minimum wages independent of the federal law.
Referring to the graph below, across America, there are 19 out of 51 states, are following the federal minimum wage of $7.25 per hour under the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). The 19 states are Missouri, New Mexico, Alabama, Idaho, Iowa, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, etc. In a meanwhile, the District of Columbia has the highest minimum salary rate at $12.50 per hour across the states. Wyoming and Georgia both have the lowest minimum wage rate at $5.15.
U.S. Minimum Wage by States – 2018 Jan
|2018 U.S. Minimum Wage by States|
|High to Low||A – Z|
|District of Columbia||$12.50 USD||Alabama||$7.25 USD|
|Washington||$11.50 USD||Alaska||$9.84 USD|
|California||$11.00 USD||Arizona||$10.50 USD|
|Massachusetts||$11.00 USD||Arkansas||$8.50 USD|
|Arizona||$10.50 USD||California||$11.00 USD|
|Vermont||$10.50 USD||Colorado||$10.20 USD|
|New York||$10.40 USD||Conneticut||$10.10 USD|
|Oregon||$10.25 USD||Delaware||$8.25 USD|
|Colorado||$10.20 USD||District of Columbia||$12.50 USD|
|Conneticut||$10.10 USD||Florida||$8.25 USD|
|Hawaii||$10.10 USD||Georgia||$5.15 USD|
|Rhode Island||$10.10 USD||Hawaii||$10.10 USD|
|Maine||$10.00 USD||Idaho||$7.25 USD|
|Alaska||$9.84 USD||Illinois||$8.25 USD|
|Minnesota||$9.65 USD||Indiana||$7.25 USD|
|Maryland||$9.25 USD||Iowa||$7.25 USD|
|Michigan||$9.25 USD||Kansas||$7.25 USD|
|Nebraska||$9.00 USD||Kentucky||$7.25 USD|
|South Dakota||$8.85 USD||Louisiana||$7.25 USD|
|West Virginia||$8.75 USD||Maine||$10.00 USD|
|New Jersey||$8.60 USD||Maryland||$9.25 USD|
|Arkansas||$8.50 USD||Massachusetts||$11.00 USD|
|Montana||$8.30 USD||Michigan||$9.25 USD|
|Ohio||$8.30 USD||Minnesota||$9.65 USD|
|Delaware||$8.25 USD||Mississippi||$7.25 USD|
|Florida||$8.25 USD||Missouri||$7.85 USD|
|Illinois||$8.25 USD||Montana||$8.30 USD|
|Nevada||$8.25 USD||Nebraska||$9.00 USD|
|Missouri||$7.85 USD||Nevada||$8.25 USD|
|New Mexico||$7.50 USD||New Hamsphire||$7.25 USD|
|Alabama||$7.25 USD||New Jersey||$8.60 USD|
|Idaho||$7.25 USD||New Mexico||$7.50 USD|
|Iowa||$7.25 USD||New York||$10.40 USD|
|Indiana||$7.25 USD||North Carolina||$7.25 USD|
|Kansas||$7.25 USD||North Dakota||$7.25 USD|
|Kentucky||$7.25 USD||Ohio||$8.30 USD|
|Louisiana||$7.25 USD||Oklahoma||$7.25 USD|
|Mississippi||$7.25 USD||Oregon||$10.25 USD|
|New Hamsphire||$7.25 USD||Pennsylvania||$7.25 USD|
|North Carolina||$7.25 USD||Rhode Island||$10.10 USD|
|North Dakota||$7.25 USD||South Carolina||$7.25 USD|
|Oklahoma||$7.25 USD||South Dakota||$8.85 USD|
|Pennsylvania||$7.25 USD||Tennessee||$7.25 USD|
|South Carolina||$7.25 USD||Texas||$7.25 USD|
|Tennessee||$7.25 USD||Utah||$7.25 USD|
|Texas||$7.25 USD||Vermont||$10.50 USD|
|Utah||$7.25 USD||Virginia||$7.25 USD|
|Virginia||$7.25 USD||Washington||$11.50 USD|
|Wisconsin||$7.25 USD||West Virginia||$8.75 USD|
|Georgia||$5.15 USD||Wisconsin||$7.25 USD|
|Wyoming||$5.15 USD||Wyoming||$5.15 USD|
The minimum wage is set as $7.25 per hour national wide since 24 July, 2009 by the U.S. labor law. Therefore, under the federal, state, and local law, all employers must pay their employees the highest minimum salary prescribed.
Visit National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) to view their up-to-date, state-by-state chart.
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